Map shows the occupied and prohibited zones of France divided into German-controlled railway divisions
This map shows the occupied and prohibited zones of France divided into Eisenbahndirektionen (EDs)—German-controlled railway divisions that followed the same contours as the SNCF regions, which were themselves based on the networks operated by the privately owned companies that pre-dated its existence. The Germany Army’s Transport Directorate (the Wehrmachtverkehrsdirektion, or WVD) positioned German rail workers in rail facilities and regional headquarters to oversee French managers. Northern and eastern France were controlled by the WVD operating out of Brussels, while railways in the de facto annexed regions of Alsace and Moselle were subsumed into the Reichsbahn, the German national railway company. © SNCF Historical Archives – SARDO, ref. 0026lm0018-007. Available online on SNCF’s Open Archives website.